Based on this study, those who abstain altogether from substances – as advised in the 12-Step model – have better mental health outcomes than those who don’t abstain. The 12-Step model gives people a framework from which to surrender their addiction, process their experience, and move forward into new patterns. As described in an article on Psych Central called Recovery Using the 12 Steps, following the model assists an individual by helping build the following mental and emotional transformative practices and tools:
By providing these experiences and tools, the 12-Step model can be a method for change in many types of behaviors. As a result, it can help individuals who wish to overcome addiction to find a path to recovery.